Synthetics, such as laminates or acrylic are a cheaper option than solid wood and easy to keep clean, but difficult to repair.
Laminate is a synthetic coating glued to cabinet doors. Generally made of craft paper and resin, and can be manufactured in a variety of colors, textures, and patterns, including imitation wood. Laminates are great for certain applications, such as bathrooms. Generally, the humidity in bathrooms is more likely to damage or warp solid wood than laminates.
Laminates are usually a cheaper option as well, but they do come with drawbacks. Unlike solid wood, once a laminate cabinet has been dented or damaged, it is difficult if not impossible to repair.